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Monthly Archives: July 2015

A History of Locks and Security

  • July 27, 2015
  • 3 comments
  • Ever since the concept of ownership was established, locks have been around. Their history is fascinating, not only in terms of the evolution of the locking mechanism, but also in terms of the ways locks are implemented and their relationship to the different levels of security and the need to deter the variety of threats which have come about over the millennia.

    Earliest Locks.
    The earliest locks, designed with preventative security strategies in mind were developed in Assyria, 6,000 years ago. These were pin locks; a series of pins slot into holes on a bar across a door securing it. By Roman times the use of locked doors and strong boxes had become common place. Locks play a significant role, of course, in helping provide personal security and one has to be grateful for their significant advancement since these early Assyrian locks. Modern threats can not be averted via locking mechanisms alone and there is an increasing need for companies like Surelock to help advise on all round personal and corporate security.

    Locks are only a small aspect of overall personal security, but nonetheless their advancement since these early Assyrian locks

    Locks have come a long way since then. Although companies like Surelock are leaders in the provision of personal security and advice on security matters.

    Basic mechanics.
    Early locking devices were based on two simple mechanisms still used today:

    • A series of pins that on application of a key rise from specially prepared housings, releasing the lock; or alternatively
    • A bolt or bolts activated, on the turn of a key, by levers.

    Warded locks common during the medieval period were of this type had become much smaller and were built into doors facilitating the use of keyholes.

    Tumbler Locks.
    1778 saw the invention of the first modern lever tumbler locks. In 1778, English locksmith, Robert Barron, improved the design with the introduction of a double acting lever tumbler lock which kept the bolt in place and ensured that the lever was lifted to the right height to address the bolt.

    In the 1820s, Jeremiah Chubb took the lever tumbler lock a stage favour with his relocker; a feature which enabled the key holder to determine whether anyone had meddled with the lock. Lever tumbler locks eventually became known as Chubb locks, incorporating several levers of which the five lever varieties became a popular way of ensuring a good degree of home security and a foil against burglary. Home insurers invariably request these locks be fitted on external doors as a condition of insurance.

    Pin Locks.
    It was Linus Yale and his son, of the same name who in the mid 19th century improved the design of pin tumbler locks by introducing key pins of different sizes, each matching a particular cut in the key, and driver pins which prevented the plug, which by now was housed in a cylinder inside the frame of the lock into which the key was inserted, from rotating. The driver pins were kept in place and at the right height by springs.

    In 1784 Joseph Bramha of Barnsley, England received a patent for his lock design culminating in his famous Challenge Lock, so called because he offered a 200 guinea prize to anyone who could pick it. Charles Hobbs an American locksmith did, though not without controversy, at the Great Exhibition of 1851.

    Padlocks.
    Padlocks are invariably metal with a U shaped shackle that locks into the device. Applying the key opens the shackle which can then be linked by a chain or hasp to the item to be secured. In an integrated padlock, rotating discs with groves cut into them connect with the shackle. In padlocks with a modular design the plug is set in the cylindrical housing which also has a “locking dog” pins that jut out from the shackle lock into the casing. In 1920 Harry Soref put this type of lock in general production using plates riveted together with a hole running tough the middle to house the cylindrical mechanism.

    Cylinder Locks.
    The Romans provide the earliest examples of cylindrical locks that use moveable discs with numbers on which when properly aligned release the locking mechanism. Today they are used to lock bikes, gym lockers and for personal security on hand luggage, laptops and other devices. In 1857 James Sargent designed a key changeable magnetic bank lock. He then went on to develop a time lock and in 1880 merged the two ideas to create the first lock that could be opened by combination but only at a certain time.

    Sam Segal, was an American Police office who noticed that thieves tend to jemmy locks where a bolt fits into a housing but leave hinges alone. In 1912 he invented a hinged lock that bolted across an opening secured with a deadbolt. He then went on to invent a pick-proof cylinder lock.

    Modern locks.
    Lever activated mortise locks tend to be the favoured option for internal house doors and require housing in a door jamb opposite to the lock. Digital locks are common place on multi-occupancy buildings. Once the correct code is input a small electrical charge releases the mechanism. Smart locks can be operated from smart phones, specially designed and enabled key fobs or other devices that can signal using Wi-Fi. It is even possible to transfer the information required to open a smart lock via Wi-Fi to another person.

    The future.
    In 1936, the ophthalmologist, Frank Burch noted the uniqueness of each person’s iris. Since then technology first developed to facilitate biometric identification is now being used for locks. The person seeking entry simply looks into a glass plate and if the iris pattern is held on the system the door will unlock.

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    by alex

How to Spot £1 Counterfeit Coins

ABI meet with Information Commissioners Office

  • July 13, 2015
  • 3 comments
  • images

    Roger Bescoby and Mark Hodgson, members of the Governing Council of the Association of British Investigators, met with senior Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) personnel at the beginning of July in Wilmslow.

    The ABI Governing Council have been conscious that the Association would benefit from more direct dialogue with the ICO, and indeed all other stake-holder Regulators. The meeting therefore took place at the request of the Association and was readily and immediately agreed to by the ICO, who were most receptive hosts.

    The meeting proceeded in an open and candid manner. We were of course keen to receive and understand the current thoughts of our principal regulator and equally we found our hosts to be inquisitive, vocal and informative to the various discussion points raised during the session. The feeling generated was that the meeting was highly valuable in enhancing the reciprocal understanding between regulator and industry and that further and more regular contact would be beneficial.  It was also mutually agreed that such meetings can only result in the ICO having a deeper knowledge of the investigation industry sector than they do currently and not least its day-to-day challenges. It’s probably fair to say we detected some potential stereotype opinions still in existence but feel that the day gave us the opportunity to begin to effectively dispel these.

    The session undoubtedly gave us the perfect platform to explain how the ABI is actively, demonstrably and energetically promoting compliance, best practice and training like never before in it’s 100+ year history.  It seemed that our efforts in this space were recognised and appreciated.

    Much discussion centred around our members’ perpetual frustrations, primarily the lack of access to existing and collated information –  intelligence that is recognised as routinely vital to law enforcement agencies and yet denied to the sector who is actually undertaking the vast majority of such enquiries. Intel sources such as HM Land Registry and Credit Reference Agencies were of course high on the agenda.

    We were able to inform a possibly unaware ICO contingent of just how little Police attention or assistance is currently received by our clients, be they Lawyers, Bankers or Insurers. It was explained that this is why they turn to the private sector in increasing numbers.

    It was interesting to hear that the ICO themselves openly admit some Data Controllers simply and incorrectly quote the DPA as a reason not to provide information – often due to either ignorance, or fear of getting things wrong.

    The meeting also gave us the opportunity to voice our wishes and indeed expectations that, post licensing, some additional regulatory leeway will be afforded towards the professionally-trained investigator. Not unreasonably, we argued, investigators simply request the tools to do the job that society expects to be done when fraud proliferates and the Law is to be upheld.

    Both sides came away from the meeting with various and agreed action points, not least surrounding access to certain specific forms of information, which the ICO kindly agreed to look into further on our behalf.

    We would like to take this opportunity to thank Alastair Barter and Garreth Cameron of the ICO for their kind hospitality on the day and look forward to further and more regular healthy consultation in the future.

    http://www.theabi.org.uk/news/association-meet-with-information-commissioners-office

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    by dave

National Markets Group Launches Inaugural Awards for Tackling IP Crime

  • July 10, 2015
  • 3 comments
  • At the Chartered Institute of Trading Standards conference in Bournemouth last week (Wed 1 July 2015), Leon Livermore, CEO of the CTSI presented the inaugural National Markets Group Awards.

    20150707_152939
    Pictured (left to right): Sharon Penketh, National Trading Standards e-Crime Team ; Graham Mogg, Chair of the National Markets Group; Martin Harland and David Hunt of Camden Council Trading Standards.

    The National Markets Group for IP Protection (NMG), which consists of representatives from industry, enforcement and government, works in partnership to reduce the availability of counterfeit and pirated goods at markets, car boot sales and social media platforms such as Facebook.

    Recent initiatives coordinated by the NMG and its partners have set about tackling counterfeiting activity at these locations.

    Team Award
    Camden Council Trading Standards, which has initiated an holistic approach to reducing the level of counterfeiting activity at the five markets in the London borough, scooped the NMG’s Team Award.

    In carrying out a number of raid actions, as well as awareness raising activities amongst consumers and market operators, this partnership with the NMG and the market operator has seen a transformation of the Camden market place and made it a safer and more equitable trading environment for consumers and local businesses.

    Individual Award
    The Individual Award was presented to Sharon Penketh of the National Trading Standards e-Crime Team for her coordination of the recent Facebook initiative OP JASPER, which saw NMG members partnering with over 60 Local Trading Standards Authorities to tackle the threat from the sale of counterfeit and pirated goods on the social media platform.

    The month-long operation saw the removal from Facebook of over 4500 images of counterfeit goods and led to 25 active investigations against traders selling an array of counterfeit goods consumers.

    Association Award
    The National Association of British Market Authorities (NABMA) was chosen by the NMG to receive its 2015 Association Award with special recognition to its Chief Executive, Graham Wilson OBE, for his long standing support and promotion of the Real Deal initiative, which sees market operators and Trading Standards departments working together, through a voluntary charter, to ensure that markets are kept free from counterfeit goods. The Award will be formally presented to Graham Wilson at the NABMA National Conference in September.

    Martin Harland, Principal Officer at Camden Trading Standards said: “For Camden Trading Standards to win two team ‘inaugural’ awards for our IP enforcement work from NMG and ACG is fantastic news. With the addition of team member David Hunt’s individual ‘highly commended’ award, they are very well received in recognition of our new successful working partnership with the ACG and the National Markets Group. This new way of working is now having an effect on the supply of counterfeit goods in the borough’s markets and shops which can only improve the local economy in the borough for business as well as for residents and visitors. It is a terrifically tremendous morale booster for a small team of four officers.”

    Mike Andrews, National Coordinator, National Trading Standards e-Crime Team said: “The National Trading Standards eCrime Team, working with our partners in the National Markets Group, are taking a robust stance on criminals who exploit social media to sell counterfeit and dangerous products. We are delighted that Sharon’s hard work has been recognised by the Group. Sharon has demonstrated a high degree of professionalism and diligence and fully deserves this award.”

    Graham Wilson, Chief Executive of NABMA said: “NABMA is delighted to support the Real Deal campaign and I hope our partnership working will continue into the future.”

    Graham Mogg, Chair of the NMG said: “Since its inception in 2008, the NMG and the Real Deal campaign have been at the forefront of the battle to reduce the availability of counterfeit and pirated goods in the market place. We are proud of our achievements and even more delighted that we have been able to recognise the outstanding contribution of the award winners in this way.”

    For full article: http://www.realdealmarkets.co.uk/real-deal-news/national-markets-group-launches-inaugural-awards-to-recognise-achievements-in-tackling-ip-crime/

    For more information, go to www.realdealmarkets.co.uk

     

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    by dave